Halvdrall is a Swedish weave structure that enables a weaver to weave textiles on four shafts that resemble the look of damask or turned twill blocks. Swedish Lace is a weave structure that can be woven on 4 to more shafts. It uses the best characteristics of both Huck and Bronson lace structures. This program will inspire the viewer to understand the structures and see textiles woven with them.
HOSTESSES: Bev A, Bev S, and Chris M
Crackle weave and Mary Meigs Atwater were the topics for our March meeting. Beth Duncan from the Fine Line in St. Charles gave us a nice overview of crackle weave and the woman who introduced American weavers to this Swedish method of weaving. Like overshot, crackle weave is threaded on four harnesses and uses the same tie-up, but it deviates from overshot on the number of floats. Overshot floats can be from two warps threads to up to an inch long, whereas crackle has a three warp float rule.
Weaving was being done in many early colonial homes even though the British were undermining our mills. With the introduction of the Jacquard looms in the 1800's, in-home weaving started to decline. Then Mary Meigs Atwater came onto the scene and helped revive weaving in America. In the early 1900's while she was living in Montana, she began weaving as a creative outlet. By the 1920's she had instructors come to Montana to teach weaving to the women in her community. In 1928, she published the Shuttle-Craft Book of American Hand-Weaving. During this time she also collected forgotten weaves and researched early patterns, writing up drafts that she could share with other weavers. Mary continued to publish many more books and monographs, and she taught weaving around the country until her death in 1956.
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